figure is stronger
This drawing, which dates back to 1909, caused 100 years after its creation a real scandal. Could young Hitler have met Lenin, and did such a chess game really happen? While art historians and historians do not stop arguing on this subject, Emma Lowenstamm etching was put up for sale. Experts at the Mullock’s auction house claim that this is a genuine drawing, especially since there are three signatures on the back of the sheet – the artist and two people depicted on it.
Historians and bibliographers deny that Lenin and Hitler have ever met. There are no documents or memoirs of contemporaries in this regard, and it is not entirely clear whether this engraving can be considered evidence of such a fact. However, according to the version of the artist’s heirs, this chess Continue reading
An elephant in chess is a piece located on the board at the beginning of the game on cells c1, f1 (for white) and c8, f8 (for black). Each of the players at the beginning of the game has two elephants at their disposal.
Another common name is an officer. So this figure was called in the Russian Empire, so sometimes it is now called in Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria. In France it has the name “jester”, in Germany – “runner”, in Estonia – “spear”, in English-speaking countries – “bishop”, in the Czech Republic – “shooter”, in Poland – “messenger”. In ancient chess, satranja, the elephant was depicted as two tusks. This image for some was like a jester, for some it was like a bishop. Now the name “elephant” has been assigned to this figure in Russia. In our country, the name of this figure is translated most accurately. It emphasizes that chess came to us precisely from the east. However, the figure itself with the elephant has nothing in common – it looks like a man in a hat, the same bishop.
In chess, an elephant, like pawns, a horse and a rook, migrated from the ancient Indian game of Continue reading
The queen in chess is the most dangerous piece, whose strength is equal to nine pawns. Modern theory attributes it to “heavy pieces” (the second of which is the boat). The appearance of the queen in traditional chess is similar to that of the king, but the king is higher and is marked with a cross in the upper part of the piece (the queen has a small ball instead).
Queens on a chessboard
Each player at the beginning of the game has one queen. Together with the king, queens occupy two central cells on the first and eighth horizontals. Remembering how they are located relative to each other is quite simple. The fields (for black it is d8, and for white it is d1), on which queens are placed, before the start of the game have the same color as the pieces themselves. It is easy for beginner chess players to remember this rule using the rule “the queen loves her color”.
How the queen walks
The queen is able to make moves both vertically and horizontally, and in diagonal directions. Continue reading