A chess game is an alloy of sports, science and art, in addition, it has various connections with other types of human activity – history, psychology and pedagogy, computer science and, of course, mathematics.
The theory of chess is deeply developed, and the long history of practice is taken into account. In chess, there is strategy and tactics (positional and combination game), and the game itself consists of:
– Debut (start)
– Mittelspiel (middle)
– Endgame (ending) Continue reading
Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine. Born October 19 (31), 1892 in Moscow – died March 24, 1946 in Estoril (Portugal). Ingenious chess player, fourth world chess champion. The doctor is right. Alexander Alekhine was born on October 31, 1892 in Moscow. By origin – a nobleman. His father is Alexander Ivanovich Alekhine (1856-1917), his mother is Anisya Ivanovna (nee Prokhorova) (1861-1915), who came from a family of textile manufacturer Prokhorov, the owner of the Trekhgornaya manufactory. The ancestors on both parental lines in the fourth – third generation are peasants of the Stary Oskol district of the Kursk province. The family owned an estate near Kastorny, in the Zemlyansky district of Voronezh province. In 1904, Alekhine Sr. became the leader of the nobility of the Zemlyansky district, then – the Voronezh province, later – the deputy of the fourth State Duma. Alexander learned to play chess at the age of 7 – his mother showed him the moves of the pieces. He became seriously interested in chess at the age of 12. He began to play tournaments by correspondence, together with his older brother Alexei (1888-1939). He won his first tournament victory in 1905, in a gambit correspondence tournament Continue reading
In 1946, freshman at the Law School of the University of Amsterdam, Hein Donner went to Groningen at the Staunton Memorial. Student Donner was rarely seen in university auditoriums: captivated by chess, he sat in the chess cafes of Amsterdam from morning till night. And even played in January in Wijk aan Zee in this tournament – the third group C, gaining fifty percent of the points.
Donner knew that not only western, but also the strongest Soviet grandmasters arrived in Groningen, demonstrating, as everyone said, new, ultra-modern chess. And the most powerful of them is Mikhail Botvinnik.
“I don’t remember how I got to the hall where the tournament was played,” Donner recalled thirty years later, “only a huge space remained in the memory, in the center of which they were sitting. THEY ARE! Continue reading