Grandmaster – the highest rank in chess and checkers. In 1949, the International Chess Federation established the title of “International Grandmaster”. Starting next year, this title began to be awarded to men, and since 1976 to women.
The first chess player to be named grandmaster was Briton William Lewis. That is how he was presented by the London newspaper Bella Life in his February 18, 1838 issue. The next time the word “grandmaster” was mentioned already in the twentieth century. In 1914, at a tournament in St. Petersburg, the Russian emperor Nicholas II named the five finalists as grandmasters. At the beginning Continue reading
Until the middle of the 19th century, chess games were played without time control. Parties lasted several hours in a row, and sometimes even days. Some players in a knowingly losing position began to drag out time, forcing the opponent to be nervous. When the nerves were completely lost, the opponent could agree to a draw, or even lose. If the opponents did not have time to finish the game in one game day, the game was postponed. The player whose last move was before the game was postponed recorded the secret move. The game was played out on the appointed day.
The literature describes the match between Howard Staunton and Pierre Saint-Aman in 1843. The 21st game of their match lasted 66 moves for 14.5 hours. Continue reading
The time to think about the next move is limited and is fixed by a chess clock. But despite this, each game can last an unlimited amount of time and parties. Let us turn to the history of chess tournaments to check whether this is actually so.
The very first international chess tournament (in the history of modern chess) was held in London in 1851 and brought together 16 participants. The tournament consisted of 4 circles, and such an outcome of the game as a draw did not count. In the first round, the participants played 3 games for the majority of victories, the subsequent circles consisted of 28 games in total. Thus, the number of parties was established by the tournament management.
The 1927 match, which marked the beginning of a new chess era thanks to the victory of Alexander Continue reading