Indian chess is also known as shatrange. This logical game is a descendant of the ancient Indian chaturanga, known since the 7th century BC, as well as the forerunner of modern chess.
Initially, ancient Indian chess was intended for four people and was conducted using four sets of pieces. The well-known and now chessboard was used for the game, but the moves were performed after tossing dice. Until the 6th century, the rules of the game were inaccurate and contradictory, transmitted orally between players.
The figures in the game corresponded to the structure of the Indian army of that time:
infantry represented in the game by pawns; Continue reading
An elephant in chess is a piece located on the board at the beginning of the game on cells c1, f1 (for white) and c8, f8 (for black). Each of the players at the beginning of the game has two elephants at their disposal.
Another common name is an officer. So this figure was called in the Russian Empire, so sometimes it is now called in Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria. In France it has the name “jester”, in Germany – “runner”, in Estonia – “spear”, in English-speaking countries – “bishop”, in the Czech Republic – “shooter”, in Poland – “messenger”. In ancient chess, satranja, the elephant was depicted as two tusks. This image for some was like a jester, for some it was like a bishop. Now the name “elephant” has been assigned to this figure in Russia. In our country, the name of this figure is translated most accurately. It emphasizes that chess came to us precisely from the east. However, the figure itself with the elephant has nothing in common – it looks like a man in a hat, the same bishop.
In chess, an elephant, like pawns, a horse and a rook, migrated from the ancient Indian game of Continue reading
A game of chess requires a fairly quick pondering of moves. But the introduction of a blitz game in a London club at the end of the 19th century became nonsense. First, the players were given 30 seconds to think about the moves, then the time was reduced to 10 seconds. The game itself took place in 5 minutes, for which it was called five-minute.
It’s more difficult to play blitz – a chess player must quickly calculate options and combinations, which not all experienced players can do. Grandmaster is not always a strong blitz.
But the secret of a successful game is unchanged – to improve skills by devoting to training: there is a lot Continue reading