To determine the rival of the world champion in the world championship match, contests of applicants are held. In 1946, the international chess organization FIDE adopted a new world championship system.
The first tournament of such a system took place in 1950 in Budapest from April 9 to May 20. Competitions were held in 2 circles, 10 participants played. Of the 6 participants in the 1948 match-tournament, 4 grandmasters participated – Vasily Smyslov, Paul Keres, Samuel Reshevsky, Max Euwe. 5 winners of the interzonal tournament were admitted to the competition, the American grandmaster Royben Fine received a personal invitation. Euwe and Fayn refused to play in the tournament; Reshevsky, the American authorities banned travel to Hungary. Instead, they invited 4 more participants Continue reading
European Chess Championship – an international tournament held by the European Chess Union. The first championship was held in 2000, and is now held annually. In addition to the fact that European champions in the absolute and women’s categories are determined at the tournament, another specificity of this tournament is the determination of players applying for participation in the World Chess Championship and the Women’s World Chess Championship.
Unofficially, the first European Championship was held in Munich in September 1942. The organization Continue reading