A chess game is an alloy of sports, science and art, in addition, it has various connections with other types of human activity – history, psychology and pedagogy, computer science and, of course, mathematics.
The theory of chess is deeply developed, and the long history of practice is taken into account. In chess, there is strategy and tactics (positional and combination game), and the game itself consists of:
– Debut (start)
– Mittelspiel (middle)
– Endgame (ending)
Many great people were fond of chess. For example: Newton, Pushkin, L. Tolstoy, Peter I, Suvorov, Balzac, Napoleon, Lomonosov, Spinoza, Galileo, Turgenev, Lenin, etc.
Since ancient times, chess was written in poetry, in prose, and also displayed in painting, filmed a movie, composed music. Chess is such a popular sport that literary giants such as Vladimir Nabokov and Stefan Zweig wrote about them. Famous Soviet writers A. Kuprin, L. Leonov, I. Ilf and E. Petrov, Yu. Olesha, V. Aksenov and others used the chess game in their works.
There are many records in chess. In the early 70s, a unique achievement was established by Mikhail Tal. For 10 months from 1972 to 1973 he played in 86 games and did not lose in any. At the same time, Mikhail won five major tournaments. It was believed that Jose Raul Capablanca is an invincible chess player, since he was able to win 63 matches in 8 years and did not suffer a single defeat.
The record of the great Cuban lasted almost half a century, all the more surprising that Tal was able to surpass Capablanca by more than twenty win-win games.
Tal and Raul won their victories with alternating draws, and the record of the winning series belongs to the first chess king Wilhelm Steinitz.
He established this achievement even before he became the world champion. For almost 10 years, not one of Wilhelm’s rivals was able to play a draw with him. During this period, Steinitz won twenty-five victories in a row.
The outstanding record belongs to Alexander Alekhine. He was from 1927 to 1933. participated in 15 competitions and at the same time he never gave the championship. Nine times in a row, Alexander took a clean first place.
Many records belong to such eminent players as Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov. Between 1984 and 1990 between them they played five matches for the world championship, and at the same time played 144 games. The first match between eminent chess players lasted for five months (48 games) and it did not end, as the FIDE president interrupted him with a score of 5-3 in favor of Karpov.
An outstanding achievement boasts a great chess player like Vladimir Kramnik. He could not lose in 89 tournaments and at the same time won 20 clear victories. It is worth noting the fact that Vladimir in the whole history was able to lose only 2 times, and then in tournaments that are fast and superfast. Vladimir Kramnik is also famous for not letting Kasparov win a single victory at a London tournament.
The longest game in the world is considered to be a game between graduates of the University of Scotland. The game lasted 20 years from 1926 to 1946. The first 5 years, the party was held by correspondence. Subsequently, the players decided to speed up and used the telegraph. One of the conditions of this game was that the loser must pay all shipping costs. Therefore, this game can be called one of the most expensive games in the history of chess.
Mexico Chess Record
Mexico Chess Record
In 2005, Mexico set a new world record for mass simultaneous chess. The tournament was able to gather 12 388 people who took part in the tournament, with 80% of the participants were children. This achievement was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records. The previous record was set in Havana, and the tournament was attended by 11,320 people.
Chess is the oldest game that is popular around the world. The greatest players do not become stars, and they do not have a crowd of fans. Their distinguishing feature is the unusual structure of the brain, which allows you to calculate the opponent’s moves, process various variations of their moves. Sometimes you can hear the expression – it works like a computer, and it really is.
An interesting fact happened once with one of the famous grandmasters at the tournament. Having defeated the 20 rivals blindly, the grandmaster forgot a bag in his wardrobe. After some time, returning after her, he said a phrase that became famous around the world: “I apologize, I have a terrible memory!”