Weak Field and Pawn Sauce
Everyone who strives to achieve heights in martial art must have minimal knowledge, which will be his invisible weapon in battle. We are immersed in the world of struggle, which requires us to always be at our best everywhere. As eastern wisdom says, “Haste is characteristic of man. To achieve great goals, we need to be patient. ”
Each of us needs to be able to realize our ideas, thoughts and plans. But for this you need to analyze and give the correct assessment of the position. And in order to give a correct assessment of the position, but that it has to be given correctly and why it has been said a lot, you need to know what the position itself consists of. In this article I tried to describe not so much the methods of working in positions as the elements of the position that make up the position itself, but this is the first step towards achieving many goals in chess. I hope this article will help many of you to identify your strengths and weaknesses, raise the level of understanding of the position and, finally, mastering the method, improve the class of the game and the statistical balance;)
Bad position of the enemy king
The presence of a passed pawn
Strong pawn center
Open Vertical Possession
Open Diagonal Possession
Open Horizontal Possession
Bad position of one piece
Disharmony in the arrangement of figures
Figured center pressure
The advantage in space (with certain arrangements).
Each position on a chessboard is characterized by some sign, that is, the dominant value of one element or a combination of several elements that create the face of a position. Recall the chess axiom: you cannot look for a win if you are not sure that the position contains any advantage. And what are these advantages? I found the answer to the postulates of Steinitz, which is useful for any chess player to know: 1. An advantage can be expressed in one big, indivisible advantage and in a whole series of small advantages; 2. The task of leading a positional battle is to regularly and systematically accumulate the smallest advantages and try to turn temporary advantages into permanent ones, otherwise having an advantage risks losing it.
Let’s continue :). So, we realized that some advantages are permanent, they do not change over time; other temporary ones – they can change (decrease or increase), or even completely disappear. An extra pawn, a piece or a weakened kingside of the opponent – these are permanent advantages, and this is for a long time; when we have better interaction between the figures or one of the enemy’s figures is badly located – this is a temporary phenomenon and may completely evaporate in the course of further play. Usually in each position the elements are intertwined, the gain in one positional element is compensated by the superiority of the enemy in another indicator. Have to weigh, compare the value of each element. But it happens that one of the elements suddenly assumes a decisive importance, determines someone’s clear advantage. The side that owns a positional advantage attacks, if it does not attack, then it draws to lose its advantage. And the defender should want to defend himself, make concessions, but in successful circumstances try to create counterplay.
Sauce from weak fields and pawns for the first
Starting the evaluation of any position, an experienced chess player must include in the list of elements weak fields in the enemy’s camp and in his own camp. On my own I will say that I myself most often from the weak fields and begin the “calculation of the assessment.” In most cases, field weaknesses play a role in passing, but there are situations in which field weakness or even a single field comes to the fore. For example, setting your figure on it, you can bring confusion into the camp of the defender and decide the fate of the battle. Often the concepts of “weak squares” and “weak pawns” are confused. There are many types of weak pawns, there are backward and isolated pawns, there are double, far advanced and detached from the “base”. Even if she is well protected, we are still talking about her weakness, because the figures can leave and leave her to the mercy of fate. And in such cases, if it is taken, for example, by an enemy horse, then the weakness of the field still remains. When we think that the opponent has a weak point on c6, we think at the same time that we have a strong point on c6 for our pieces. But if the opponent has a weak pawn on e6, we cannot say that we have a strong pawn on e6.
Sometimes in the excitement of positional struggle, it happens that not a single point is weakened, but a whole group of fields of the same color, periphery. Such a positional advantage is significant, since enemy figures walking along weakened fields can cause a lot of trouble, resulting in a defeat. I advise you to remember another unshakable axiom of chess science: the elephant protecting weak fields, the attacker must always strive to trade!